Nutrition and Health

The Integration of Nutrition into Extension and Advisory Services:
A synthesis of experiences, lessons and recommendations

GFRAS and the World Bank’s Secure Nutrition Knowledge Platform supported a research project to examine the integration and linkages of nutrition within extension and advisory services (EAS) and workers in Africa, South Asia, and the Americas. The major purpose of this work was to analyze and document the past, current and future EAS and the role that nutrition activities play within their portfolio. Through performing an extensive literature review, analyzing survey responses, and conducting interviews with actors from worldwide development organizations, governmental agencies, educational and research institutions, and the private sector, this report summarizes the current state of knowledge on the role of nutrition in extension and advisory services. See the report here.

Resources Agriculture and Nutrition Global Learning and Evidence Exchange

The USAID Bureaus of Global Health and Food Security, in collaboration with the Strengthening Partnerships, Results and Innovations in Nutrition Globally (SPRING) project, hosted the fourth Agriculture and Nutrition Global Learning and Evidence Exchange (AgN-GLEE) on Tuesday June 18, 2013. This day-long event focused on a key priority in the U.S. Government’s international development and investment strategy: the integration of agriculture and nutrition strategies and activities. Key concepts and outcomes from the three Regional AgN-GLEE workshops conducted in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean will also be shared. Additional recommended reading is available on the SPRING website.

Nutrition policies in developing countries

Challenges and highlights

Malnutrition remains one of the major obstacles to human well-being and economic prosperity in developing countries.1 There are strong normative and instrumental reasons related to human and economic development to address the burden of malnutrition as an issue of public concern. This calls for governments to prioritize policies and actions and allocate substantial investments in efforts to address the needs of their malnourished populations. Governments have the responsibility to establish function-ing institutions and infrastructure enabling the poor to achieve nutrition security and to provide services for treatment and prevention of malnutrition and related diseases.

Ecker, Olivier
Nene, Marc
Published date: 
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
PDF file: 

Food Security and Nutrition Network 

  • Collaborative spaces for Task Forces and Interest Groups 
  • Venue for ‘event’ style discussion forums 
  • Resource library with hundreds of implementation focused tools, guides, manuals and training materials

Scaling up Nutrition

The World Bank (2009): From Agriculture to Nutrition: Pathways, Synergies, and Outcomes. 

Advancing Community Health worldwide - CORE Group's vision is a world of healthy communities, where no mother or child dies of preventable causes. We work towards this vision by bringing together our 50+ member organizations and network of partners to generate collaborative action and learning to improve and expand community-focused public health practices for underserved populations around the world.

Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition

(FSN Forum,

Boosting income of rural families to meet basic needs in Central America

CRS is working with partners to help rural families increase their income and improve their diets in remote areas of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua through the Agriculture for Basic Needs Project.

Download a PDF

Click to read more ...

Homestead Gardening

A Manual for Program Managers, Implementers, and Practitioners

This manual includes helpful programming and gardening tips to improve the performance implementation of homestead gardens. These are designed to provide insight into some of the lessons learned from implementing homestead gardening activities in Lesotho and to suggest possible adaptations or replacement materials.

Download a PDF

Click to read more ...

Baby-Friendly Farms

This poster explains how CRS is helping women practice exclusive breastfeeding and improve their nutrition through baby-friendly farms to reduce infant morbidity and mortality in Sierra Leone.

Download a PDF

Click to read more ...

Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health
Februrary 10-12, 2011, New Delhi, India

Guides and Manuals

Title: Peace Corps Mali Hearth Nutrition Guide 2008
Organization(s) Involved: Peace Corps (Mali)

This is a guide for a community-based approach to nutritional rehabilitation and behavior change as used by the Peace Corps in Mali. The PD/Hearth program has been conducted in a variety of countries and cultures around the world. The program came to Mali in 2005 and has since been implemented by dozens of volunteers in a variety of sectors. This manual will provide you with a framework and guidelines for setting up and implementing a Hearth project while keeping in mind that there is no one, right way to do a Hearth.

Title: Designing a Community-Based Nutrition Program Using the Hearth Model and the Positive Deviance Approach - A Field Guide
Author(s): Monique Sternin, Jerry Sternin, David Marsh
Organization(s) Involved: Save the Children

This manual was published by Save the Children USA in 1998 and is a step-by-step look at what the Positive Deviance Approach involves in the field setting. It is specific to addressing childhood malnutrition and the use of the Hearth Model, with examples from experiences in Vietnam, Nepal and Mozambique. The appendices cover regional profiles compiled by Marian Zeitlin in 1996 as well as sample questions for interviews and training curriculum.

ACDI VOCA - Nutrition Integrated Fact Sheets

These fact sheets are produced as part of ACDI/VOCA’s ongoing learning agenda. They are designed to be practical and informative resources for staff on the nutritional value of crops and on leverage points within the value chains for maximizing nutritional impact. Follow the link or download below.

Language: Bahasa Indonesia
Title: Kurikulum & Modul, Kegiatan praktik perilaku dan pemulihan gizi (KP3G) melalui pendekatan "positive deviance"
Author(s): USAID, Save the Children, Positive Deviance Resource Centre (PDRC). Date: 2008

This manual was developed by the Ministry of Health, Community Nutrition Department in collaboration with Save the Children and PDRC (Positive Deviance Resource Center) University of Indonesia. It is for Training of Trainers in the context of using Positive Deviance to address under 5 malnutrition and has been reviewed and accredited by the Indonesian Professional Training Board.

Online Courses

FAO/EU Courses on Food Security (
  • Nutritional Status Assessment and Analysis

Andrea Bohn,
Jul 31, 2013, 11:50 AM
Andrea Bohn,
Jul 31, 2013, 11:50 AM
Andrea Bohn,
Jul 31, 2013, 11:51 AM
Andrea Bohn,
Jul 31, 2013, 11:51 AM
Andrea Bohn,
Jul 31, 2013, 11:51 AM