Pluralistic Extension and Advisory Services

The private sector’s role in agricultural extension systems: potential and limitations

The poor performance of public agricultural extension systems in developing countries engendered interest in pluralistic concepts of extension involving a variety of service providers.Within the reform agenda, modalities relying on private-sector providers were perceived as a path to improvement. This paper aims to assess the potential and limitations of such modalities.

by Gershon Feder, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C., USA. Regina Birner, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Germany. Jock R. Anderson, University of New England, Armidale, Australia

Available at
Good summary paper on extension, including ICT.

Garforth, Christopher. 2011. Education, training and extension for food producers. Science review: SR16B. Foresight Project on Global Food and Farming Futures.